Climate ambition, push for electric vehicles driving down need for oil: report
The expected uptake of electric vehicles and stricter measures worldwide to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are the top reasons why a climate-focused research group is calling on governments not to invest any more money in Alberta's oil sector.
The International Institute for Sustainable Development has released a new study outlining how long-term demand for oil will be driven down by global targets to cut carbon-related pollution and the shift toward putting more vehicles on the road powered by batteries and alternative fuels.
Consequently, it recommends government spending not be directed at the production of combustible hydrocarbons and urges policy-makers to focus instead on Alberta's economic transition and diversification.
"Evidence shows that successful economic transitions and diversification take decades,'' the report reads.
"It is important that governments, communities, the private sector, unions, and non-governmental organizations accelerate these initiatives now.''
In the short-term, however, the International Energy Agency expects global oil demand to reach around 99 million barrels per day by year-end -- up from 93 million barrels per day in the first quarter of 2021 based on an easing of travel restrictions as vaccinations against COVID-19 ramp up.
The Paris-based agency also recently released a report on how the world's energy sector can achieve net-zero emissions by 2050.
Canada, along with all other G7 countries, have pledged to reach net-zero emissions no later than 2050.
The agency's report says to do that on a global scale for the energy sector, no new oil and gas developments should be approved beyond what's already been planned, and coal mining shouldn't be expanded.
Following a virtual meeting with his G7 counterparts, Canada's environment minister wouldn't commit to that, saying in part that the country is coming up with its own plan on how to reach its 2050 goal.
"I do think it would be a little bit premature for us to foreclose anything,'' Jonathan Wilkinson said. "Gas, in particular, one can see a pathway, where you essentially capture hydrogen from gas and capture all the CO2 and sequester it and you can do that in a way that's not carbon polluting.''
The federal Liberal government has assembled an advisory body to provide insight on how to reach net-zero emissions. It has also promised to slash its greenhouse gas pollution output by up to 45% below 2005 levels by 2030.
The government says current federal and provincial initiatives get it up to 36%.
When it comes to the demand for oil, Wilkinson said because it's mainly used as a transportation fuel, ambitious sales targets for electric vehicles in different jurisdictions will no doubt have an impact.
By 2040, Canada has a goal that zero-emission vehicles make up all sales of light-duty vehicles.
"That obviously has implications for the production of oil, if in fact demand for that oil is being reduced significantly,'' Wilkinson said.